A major impediment to full recovery and statebuilding in Somalia is a serious trust deficit among the Somali people, emanating from the circumstances that led to the civil war, and the subsequent violent eruption of widespread disorder in 1991. Tens of thousands of people were killed and many others were raped in the worst phase of the civil war. Nearly a quarter of the population was displaced. Many properties were unlawfully seized. Some continue to be held illegally. Internecine war among brotherly and neighborly clans permeated the country in the 1990s. Proper reconciliation has never been undertaken despite numerous ‘reconciliation conferences’ aimed to power sharing among the elite.
Recognizing the inherent need to rectify this problem in a clan-to-clan, and within clans and sub-clans, the first target of the Fund will design social reconciliation programs and trust building mechanisms to heal the wounds among the Somali people. These programs will be sustained over a period of time until measurable reconciliation can be reached.